Gwangju, South Korea
Date: May 18–27, 1980
The Gwangju Uprising (Hangul: 광주 항쟁; Hanja: 光州抗爭), alternatively called May 18 Democratic Uprising by UNESCO, and also known as May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement (Hangul: 5·18 광주 민주화 운동; Hanja: 五– 八光州民主化運動), was a popular uprising in the city of Gwangju, South Korea, from May 18 to 27, 1980. Estimates suggest up to 606 people may have died. During this period, Gwangju citizens took up arms (by robbing local armories and police stations) when local Chonnam University students – who were demonstrating against the martial law government – were fired upon, killed, and beaten in an unprecedented attack by government troops. The uprising eventually ended in defeat on May 27, 1980.